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Everything you need to know about babies

The biggest change in life is to have your first baby and become a parent. There’s plenty to learn, and lots to wonder. Here we have collected our articles about babies and parenting in the first year. Have we missed something we should be writing about? Comment on the page or email [email protected]

Babies sweat in hot weather – should you give them water?

Finally the summer heat is here! What we’ve all been waiting for! But if it’s your first time caring for a sweaty baby, you’re probably asking – how am I going to deal with this? I’ve only just gotten…

Baby poo
Baby poo – what is normal? Green poop or slimy – what does that mean?

Facts and advice about baby poo. Written by pediatricians for parents. A baby’s poo always raises questions – Is green poo a sign of disease? Does a baby have to have yellow poo? Can an baby have slim…

Bottle feeding a newborn with formula
Bottle feeding your newborn baby formula – how much do you give? And how often?

Facts and advice about bottle feeding your newborn formula. Written by pediatricians for parents. A newborn baby needs food. The food can be breast milk or formula. The choice is up to the parents. In…

Mother with anxiety when breastfeeding or D-MER
Breastfeeding anxiety – D-MER

Facts and advice about the anxiety caused by breastfeeding aka D-MER. Posts are written by pediatricians for parents. D-MER stands for Dysphoric Milk Ejection Reflex. This reader describes the feelin…

Baby with RS virus receiving inhaler
Bronchiolitis (and RSV) in children and babies – symptoms and infection

Facts and advice about bronchiolitis (and RS virus) in babies. Written by pediatricians for parents. Every winter RSV returns, and parents don’t know what to think. What are the symptoms of bronchioli…

Colds in babies – snotty and stuffy nose – how to help?

The first time your baby gets a cold, you probably have so many questions. What should I do? Is the baby going to be clear of this? Is it the RS-virus? As a pediatrician, I am not nearly as interested…

Colic in infants – gastric drops, acupuncture, what helps?

Facts and advice about colic and how to survive as a parent. Written by pediatricians for parents. Infant colic affects between 3-30% of all infants. Babies scream inconsolably for hours a day, usuall…

Constipated child sitting on the toilet, pushing
Constipation in babies and children – does lactulose help?

Constipation is a really common problem in children and babies. This is especially the case for bottle-fed babies, as well as those who have stopped breastfeeding. Exclusively breast-fed babies rarely…

Cradle cap – this is how you get rid of it

Cradle cap is a completely harmless form of dermatitis on the scalp and does not bother the baby. But if you as the parent prefer to treat and remove it, read below. What is cradle cap? Cradle…

Children with diaper rash
Diaper rash, fungal infections and a red baby bum.

A red baby bum can be a diaper rash, fungal infection or just a result of heat and moisture. Here you can learn how to distinguish diaper rashes from fungal infections; and how to treat and prevent re…

Parent groups are a good way to find other parents on parental leave
Finding other people on parental leave – what to do on parental leave?

A few weeks ago, I asked a counselor at the neighboring children’s hospital what she thought I should write about. “Write about the need for parents on parental leave to meet other parents,” she said.…

A family returns home from hospital for the first time with their baby
First weeks with your newborn

Facts and advice about the first weeks with your newborn. Written by pediatricians for parents. Many people begin by ordering a birth certificate. But it is just as important to plan for the first…

Gastroenteritis and breast-feeding
Gastroenteritis and breastfeeding

I’ve been asked some questions about gastroenteritis and breastfeeding, and here are my answers. More information about gastroenteritis can be read in this post. 1. I am breastfeeding and have g…

Breastfeeding a newborn baby
Get started with breastfeeding – when does the milk come?

Facts and advice about getting started with breastfeeding Written by pediatricians for parents. When does the milk come? That seems to be the most common question mothers ask pediatricians on their ma…

Having a baby after infertility

Having a baby after infertility or IVF is not as easy as you might think. Yes, the child is expected, but the very story of infertility can sometimes put a brake on the joys of parenthood. My friend w…

Children who have fallen and hit their heads. Head injuries or concussion?
Head injuries and concussion when children hit their head

Facts and advice about head injuries and concussion. Written by pediatricians for parents. Children often fall and hit their head. Learn when it is dangerous and when to seek care. And is it dangerous…

Mom sleeps next to baby
Help babies fall asleep – tips for a successful bedtime routine

Getting a baby fall asleep is a really difficult art. Sleep, or lack thereof, affects both you as parents and your baby. This topic is the most sought after and science doesn’t provide much help. R…

Hormonal spots are due to the baby's immune system being activated
How a baby’s immune system works – about breastfeeding and antibodies

Facts about the baby immune system, antibodies and breastfeeding. Written by Professor of Clinical Immunology and Microbiology. Do newborn babies have a functioning immune system or not? What good is …

How long to breastfeed is entirely up to the mother and baby
How long should I breastfeed for?

Many mothers are asking themselves and others the question – for how long should I breastfeed? And some feel compelled to provide assured answers. WHO has decided to recommend 6 months of full breastf…

Mom looks at sleeping baby and wonders if she should stop breastfeeding
How to stop breastfeeding – when is the right time?

Facts and advice about stopping breastfeeding, written by pediatricians for parents. There may be different strategies to stop breastfeeding a small baby vs. a larger baby. But what is definite is the…

Babies sleeping, mom watching
Infant sleep – how much or little is normal?

Infant sleep is not like adult’s sleep. Most newborn babies sleep a lot, and some sleep all the time. Yet newborn sleep is one of the greatest challenges facing early parenthood. Babies’ circadian rhy…

Lumps on the neck of a child
Lumps behind the ear, in the throat or on neck in children

Have you discovered a lump behind the ear, in the throat or on the neck of your child? Maybe it’s a lymph node? Should it really be there for so long? Can the nodules be dangerous? The lumps are of…

Milk protein allergy in babies and milk-free infant formula

Milk protein allergy, also known as cow’s milk allergy, milk allergy or cow’s milk protein allergy (CMPA) is a tricky condition often suspected in screaming infants. These children may feel better eat…

A baby slumbers on a tired mom's shoulder
My baby just wants to sleep on me and your baby doesn’t want to be in your arms

Some babies just want to be close all the time, others never want to be in anyone’s arms. Some can only sleep on you and others can’t go to sleep on your lap. What should I do? What are you like? D…

Never shake a baby – Shaken Baby Syndrome

  If you shake a baby so violently that the head is thrown back and forth, the blood vessels under the hard meninges are torn off. This creates cerebral hemorrhages that can become very large …

A happy overweight boy bathing
Overweight children, childhood obesity and BMI

Facts and advice about BMI and obesity in children, written by pediatricians for parents. Children’s body shape changes a lot. Babies should put on a lot of fat during their first year of life. During…

Poor growth in children – investigate and interpret the growth curve

It’s common to suspect poor growth in your child. “There’s no way my child has followed his growth curve.” As a pediatrician, I investigate many cases of poor weight gain and poor height growth. I see…

Postpartum depression
Postpartum depression – when it’s hard to be a parent

Depression is a common disease. Postpartum depression is depression associated with being a new parent. If you are experiencing postpartum depression, it is especially important to seek care quickly. …

Baby potty training with the doll
Potty training – how to become diaper-free and when to stop using diapers

Facts and advice from pediatricians about potty training and getting your baby diaper-free. Potty training, it’s more about creating a routine than ‘training’. This process is often long and can be st…

Agnes Wold on advising new parents
Professor Agnes Wold on advising new parents

Agnes Wold is a Swedish professor in clinical microbiology and well known for her work for women in science. She is also the co-author of Parenthood the Swedish way – a science-based guide to pregnanc…

Sun protection for babies and children – sunscreen and more

Children must be allowed to be outside as much as possible. They need to play and run and eat ice cream and bike and have a wonderful time in the heat. But the sun’s rays can be dangerous, and childre…

A baby eating a strawberry
Taste food portions – when and how to introduce food?

Facts and advice about taste portions. Written by pediatricians for parents. Taste portions of food are usually given to babies at 3, 4 or maybe 5 months of age. The introduction of food to babies has…

Baby sucks on pacifier
Thumb sucking and pacifiers – good or bad for your baby?

There is a myth that pacifiers and breastfeeding are ‘bad’ and that they contribute to ‘nipple confusion’. This is not true. If a child likes sucking on a pacifier then use it and if they prefer t…

To vaccinate or not to vaccinate? About vaccinations for babies.

There has been a lot of debate about whether to vaccinate your baby or not. Here is a take on what Ursula Flatters, a physician at the anthroposophical Vidar clinic in Ytterjärna, said: “Some par…

A mother travels abroad with babies and feeds her baby with a baby bottle in an airplane
Traveling abroad with babies – advice about flights and vaccines

Traveling abroad with an infant requires some thought. Read about how to prepare for a holiday, flying with a baby and what vaccines are required. Do not plan any long trips before the baby is bor…

Older sibling helping mum and baby
What does a baby need? Tips from a pediatrician for first-time parents

A little baby needs help with everything. It is your job as a parent to make sure that the child gets what they need. So, what does a baby need? Read about what a newborn needs in terms of food, sleep…

You can eat and drink whatever you want when breastfeeding
What medications can I take, and what can I eat while breastfeeding

There is a lot of information online about what breastfeeding mothers are allowed to eat, drink, and what medications they can take. So which resources can mothers trust? This post will provide breast…

A baby sleeping on their back
When a baby wants to sleep on their stomach – do baby breathing monitors help against sudden infant death syndrome?

The most important advice regarding newborns is this – they should always sleep on their backs. The risk of sudden infant death syndrome greatly increases when newborns sleep on their backs. The advic…

Training in resuscitating newborns
When a newborn has trouble breathing, is my child deprived of oxygen?

In the mother’s womb, a baby does not need to be able to breathe. Oxygenation occurs through the placenta. Once the umbilical cord is cut, this no longer works and the newborn must start breathing. Mo…

Coughing baby - looks like whooping cough
Whooping cough (pertussis) – symptoms, how it sounds, tests and treatment

Standing next to a small baby with severe whooping cough (pertussis) is among the most awful things I have ever experienced. The baby has such horrible coughing attacks that they often end up turning …

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