Hem Childhood diseases

Childhood diseases

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Clear advice about childhood diseases written directly by pediatricians. Here you will find Barnakuten’s popular symptom guides and articles about all the common and important diseases in children and babies. Articles are as follows: infections in children, diseases that give rashes, allergy, diseases that affect breathing, blood diseases, diseases of the brain, pee and poo and stomach.

Barnakuten’s symptom guides

Baby poo – what is normal? Green poop or slimy – what does that mean?
Baby poo – what is normal? Green poop or slimy – what does that mean?

Facts and advice about baby poo. Directly from pediatricians. A baby’s poo always raises questions. Is green poo a sign of disease? Does a baby have to have yellow poo? Can an infant have slimy poo? H…

Blisters in the mouth in children
Blisters in the mouth in children

Several viral diseases can cause blisters in the mouth in children. A single blister does not necessarily cause too much trouble. But diseases with blisters throughout the mouth and throat can hurt im…

Chest pain in children – is it the heart?
Chest pain in children – is it the heart?

Weekly, we see so many children arrive at the pediatric emergency room with chest pain. The parents, and often the children, are worried that their child has heart disease. For adults, especially midd…

Colds in babies – snotty and stuffy nose – how to help?
Colds in babies – snotty and stuffy nose – how to help?

The first time your baby gets a cold, you probably have so many questions. What should I do? Is the baby going to be clear of this? And it’s probably not RS-virus, right? As a pediatrician, I am not n…

Cough in children – a guide on diseases and home remedies
Cough in children – a guide on diseases and home remedies

Coughing protects the lungs against infections Basically all healthy children who catch a cold have a cough. This is good. It’s an important part of the body’s protection against infections. Coug…

Febrile seizures or chills in children
Febrile seizures or chills in children

Febrile seizures affect about one in twenty children at some point during early childhood. It is most common between 6 months and 5 years of age. Febrile seizures are very frightening for parents, but…

Fever in children – A Pediatrician’s guide
Fever in children – A Pediatrician’s guide

Facts and advice about fever in children – information written by pediatricians. For many parents, the 40C (104F) mark is a magical limit. For a pediatrician, there are no magical temperature limits. …

Lumps behind the ear, in the throat or on neck in children
Lumps behind the ear, in the throat or on neck in children

Have you discovered a lump behind the ear, in the throat or on the neck of your child? Maybe it’s a lymph node? Should it really be there for so long? Can the nodules be dangerous? The lumps are…

Oral rehydration solution (ORS) for children – recipes to prevent dehydration at home
Oral rehydration solution (ORS) for children – recipes to prevent dehydration at home

ORS is indispensable when children are sick, especially if they have gastroenteritis. It prevents dehydration and fluid deficiency in children. You can make your own ORS according to the children’s em…

Rashes and red dots in children – a pictorial guide
Rashes and red dots in children – a pictorial guide

Facts and advice about rashes and red spots on children. With pictures directly from pediatricians. When your child gets a rash or red spots, naturally, you will wonder why. As a pediatrician, I can s…

Wheezing or strained breathing – a guide for when your child has difficulty breathing
Wheezing or strained breathing – a guide for when your child has difficulty breathing

Children who are wheezing, have labored breathing or difficulty breathing, are a large and important group of children at the children’s emergency room. Many have asthma, others have croup. Some have …

Infections

Blisters in the mouth in children
Blisters in the mouth in children

Several viral diseases can cause blisters in the mouth in children. A single blister does not necessarily cause too much trouble. But diseases with blisters throughout the mouth and throat can hurt im…

Colds in babies – snotty and stuffy nose – how to help?
Colds in babies – snotty and stuffy nose – how to help?

The first time your baby gets a cold, you probably have so many questions. What should I do? Is the baby going to be clear of this? And it’s probably not RS-virus, right? As a pediatrician, I am not n…

Coronavirus covid-19 – facts for parents and children
Coronavirus covid-19 – facts for parents and children

Facts and advice on the coronavirus Covid-19. Directly from pediatricians. Many are afraid of the new coronavirus. As a pediatrician with a specialty in prevention and protection against infectious di…

Croup in children – symptoms and treatment

Croup in children – symptoms and treatment
Croup in children – symptoms and treatment

Facts and advice about croup and a barking cough. Written by pediatricians for parents. ‘False’ croup, viral croup or croup as we know it today, manifests itself as a barking cough, often at night, in…

Febrile seizures or chills in children
Febrile seizures or chills in children

Febrile seizures affect about one in twenty children at some point during early childhood. It is most common between 6 months and 5 years of age. Febrile seizures are very frightening for parents, but…

Fever in children – A Pediatrician’s guide
Fever in children – A Pediatrician’s guide

Facts and advice about fever in children – information written by pediatricians. For many parents, the 40C (104F) mark is a magical limit. For a pediatrician, there are no magical temperature limits. …

Gastroenteritis and breastfeeding
Gastroenteritis and breastfeeding

I’ve been asked some questions about gastroenteritis and breastfeeding, which I am going to answer. More information about gastroenteritis can be read in this post. 1. I am breastfeeding an…

Gastroenteritis or winter vomiting in children – infection and incubation period
Gastroenteritis or winter vomiting in children – infection and incubation period

Facts and advice about gastroenteritis directly from pediatricians. Diarrhea and vomiting in children are almost always due to gastroenteritis, a viral infection also known as the stomach flu or winte…

How a baby’s immune system works – about breastfeeding and antibodies.
How a baby’s immune system works – about breastfeeding and antibodies.

Facts about the baby immune system, about antibodies and breastfeeding. Written by Professor of Clinical Immunology and Microbiology. Do newborn babies have a functioning immune system or not? What go…

Impetigo in children – infection and treatment
Impetigo in children – infection and treatment

Impetigo is a bacterial infection of the skin that is common in children. They are often rashes around the mouth or nose in young children. Staphylococci or streptococcus are the bacterias that cause …

Meningitis in children – fever, neck stiffness, sore neck
Meningitis in children – fever, neck stiffness, sore neck

Meningitis is a feared infection in children. Bacterial meningitis is life-threatening and requires immediate care. Viral meningitis is rarely life-threatening but may require hospitalization. Symptom…

Oral rehydration solution (ORS) for children – recipes to prevent dehydration at home
Oral rehydration solution (ORS) for children – recipes to prevent dehydration at home

ORS is indispensable when children are sick, especially if they have gastroenteritis. It prevents dehydration and fluid deficiency in children. You can make your own ORS according to the children’s em…

Otitis in children – symptoms and treatment
Otitis in children – symptoms and treatment

Facts and advice about otitis. Written by pediatricians. Symptoms of otitis include whininess or sore ear, fever and poor appetite. Most ear infections are self-limiting. But sometimes, antibiotics ar…

Pneumonia in children – symptoms and treatment
Pneumonia in children – symptoms and treatment

Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs. It can be bacterial or viral. Children with pneumonia often have a cough and fever as well as stomach aches, be tired, lethargic or pale. Pneumonia or a cold…

Rashes and red dots in children – a pictorial guide
Rashes and red dots in children – a pictorial guide

Facts and advice about rashes and red spots on children. With pictures directly from pediatricians. When your child gets a rash or red spots, naturally, you will wonder why. As a pediatrician, I can s…

RS virus in children and babies – symptoms and infection
RS virus in children and babies – symptoms and infection

Facts and advice about RS virus in babies. Written by pediatricians for parents. Every winter, the RS virus returns and parents of newborns don’t know what to think. What are the symptoms of RS? Do yo…

Streptococcus in children – tonsillitis, perianal strep and scarlet fever
Streptococcus in children – tonsillitis, perianal strep and scarlet fever

Streptococcus is a bacteria that causes many different common infections in children. Tonsillitis, otitis and impetigo may be caused by streptococcus. And so can perianal strep. Serious infections suc…

Tonsillitis, glandular fever and swollen lymph nodes in children
Tonsillitis, glandular fever and swollen lymph nodes in children

Tonsillitis and glandular fever are two throat infections where lymph nodes become very swollen. Symptoms include fever, difficulty swallowing and often bad breath. Tonsillitis is a streptococca…

Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children and babies – symptoms and treatment
Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children and babies – symptoms and treatment

Urinary tract infection (often referred to as UTI) is common in babies and in older children. UTI with a fever, or pelvic inflammatory disease, can become dangerous and needs to be treated quickly wit…

Diseases with rashes

Diaper rash, fungal infections and a red baby bum.
Diaper rash, fungal infections and a red baby bum.

A red baby bum can be a diaper rash, fungal infection or just a result of heat and moisture. Here you can learn how to distinguish diaper rashes from fungal infections; and how to treat and prevent re…

Eczema in children
Eczema in children

Eczema in children is common and consists of dry, red, itchy skin areas. In infants, eczema often sits on the cheeks. In slightly older children, they move to arm folds and knee folds and even older c…

Eczema in children

Impetigo in children – infection and treatment
Impetigo in children – infection and treatment

Impetigo is a bacterial infection of the skin that is common in children. They are often rashes around the mouth or nose in young children. Staphylococci or streptococcus are the bacterias that cause …

Rashes and red dots in children – a pictorial guide
Rashes and red dots in children – a pictorial guide

Facts and advice about rashes and red spots on children. With pictures directly from pediatricians. When your child gets a rash or red spots, naturally, you will wonder why. As a pediatrician, I can s…

Allergy

Eczema in children
Eczema in children

Eczema in children is common and consists of dry, red, itchy skin areas. In infants, eczema often sits on the cheeks. In slightly older children, they move to arm folds and knee folds and even older c…

Eczema in children

Breathing

Colds in babies – snotty and stuffy nose – how to help?
Colds in babies – snotty and stuffy nose – how to help?

The first time your baby gets a cold, you probably have so many questions. What should I do? Is the baby going to be clear of this? And it’s probably not RS-virus, right? As a pediatrician, I am not n…

Coronavirus covid-19 – facts for parents and children
Coronavirus covid-19 – facts for parents and children

Facts and advice on the coronavirus Covid-19. Directly from pediatricians. Many are afraid of the new coronavirus. As a pediatrician with a specialty in prevention and protection against infectious di…

Cough in children – a guide on diseases and home remedies
Cough in children – a guide on diseases and home remedies

Coughing protects the lungs against infections Basically all healthy children who catch a cold have a cough. This is good. It’s an important part of the body’s protection against infections. Coug…

Croup in children – symptoms and treatment

Croup in children – symptoms and treatment
Croup in children – symptoms and treatment

Facts and advice about croup and a barking cough. Written by pediatricians for parents. ‘False’ croup, viral croup or croup as we know it today, manifests itself as a barking cough, often at night, in…

Intrinsic asthma in children – Symptoms and Treatments
Intrinsic asthma in children – Symptoms and Treatments

Intrinsic or non-allergic asthma is common in preschool children. The symptoms occur when children have a cold and presents as difficulty breathing and coughing, often with mucus. If the child does no…

Pneumonia in children – symptoms and treatment
Pneumonia in children – symptoms and treatment

Pneumonia is an infection in the lungs. It can be bacterial or viral. Children with pneumonia often have a cough and fever as well as stomach aches, be tired, lethargic or pale. Pneumonia or a cold…

RS virus in children and babies – symptoms and infection
RS virus in children and babies – symptoms and infection

Facts and advice about RS virus in babies. Written by pediatricians for parents. Every winter, the RS virus returns and parents of newborns don’t know what to think. What are the symptoms of RS? Do yo…

Wheezing or strained breathing – a guide for when your child has difficulty breathing
Wheezing or strained breathing – a guide for when your child has difficulty breathing

Children who are wheezing, have labored breathing or difficulty breathing, are a large and important group of children at the children’s emergency room. Many have asthma, others have croup. Some have …

Hematology

Diseases of the brain

Febrile seizures or chills in children
Febrile seizures or chills in children

Febrile seizures affect about one in twenty children at some point during early childhood. It is most common between 6 months and 5 years of age. Febrile seizures are very frightening for parents, but…

Head injuries and concussion when children hit their head
Head injuries and concussion when children hit their head

Facts and advice about head injuries and concussion. Written by pediatricians for parents. Children often fall and hit themselves on the head. Learn when it is dangerous and when to seek care. And is …

Meningitis in children – fever, neck stiffness, sore neck
Meningitis in children – fever, neck stiffness, sore neck

Meningitis is a feared infection in children. Bacterial meningitis is life-threatening and requires immediate care. Viral meningitis is rarely life-threatening but may require hospitalization. Symptom…

Pee and poo

Baby poo – what is normal? Green poop or slimy – what does that mean?
Baby poo – what is normal? Green poop or slimy – what does that mean?

Facts and advice about baby poo. Directly from pediatricians. A baby’s poo always raises questions. Is green poo a sign of disease? Does a baby have to have yellow poo? Can an infant have slimy poo? H…

Constipation in children – what helps?
Constipation in children – what helps?

Constipation is a really common problem in children of all ages. The exception is breastfed babies. They rarely get constipated. It is common for bottlefed infants to be constipated, as well as those …

Diaper rash, fungal infections and a red baby bum.
Diaper rash, fungal infections and a red baby bum.

A red baby bum can be a diaper rash, fungal infection or just a result of heat and moisture. Here you can learn how to distinguish diaper rashes from fungal infections; and how to treat and prevent re…

Incontinence – treatment for bed wetting and daytime wetting in children
Incontinence – treatment for bed wetting and daytime wetting in children

It is common for children to wet themselves. It is estimated that most children stop bedwetting at the age of five and stop daytime wetting at the age of 6. But many children can stop earlier than tha…

Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children and babies – symptoms and treatment
Urinary tract infection (UTI) in children and babies – symptoms and treatment

Urinary tract infection (often referred to as UTI) is common in babies and in older children. UTI with a fever, or pelvic inflammatory disease, can become dangerous and needs to be treated quickly wit…

Stomach

Baby poo – what is normal? Green poop or slimy – what does that mean?
Baby poo – what is normal? Green poop or slimy – what does that mean?

Facts and advice about baby poo. Directly from pediatricians. A baby’s poo always raises questions. Is green poo a sign of disease? Does a baby have to have yellow poo? Can an infant have slimy poo? H…

Colic in infants – gastric drops, acupuncture, what helps?
Colic in infants – gastric drops, acupuncture, what helps?

Facts and advice about colic and survival tips for parents. Written by a pediatrician. Infant colic affects between 3-30% of all infants. Babies scream inconsolably for hours a day, usually in the eve…

Constipation in children – what helps?
Constipation in children – what helps?

Constipation is a really common problem in children of all ages. The exception is breastfed babies. They rarely get constipated. It is common for bottlefed infants to be constipated, as well as those …

Gastroenteritis and breastfeeding
Gastroenteritis and breastfeeding

I’ve been asked some questions about gastroenteritis and breastfeeding, which I am going to answer. More information about gastroenteritis can be read in this post. 1. I am breastfeeding an…

Gastroenteritis or winter vomiting in children – infection and incubation period
Gastroenteritis or winter vomiting in children – infection and incubation period

Facts and advice about gastroenteritis directly from pediatricians. Diarrhea and vomiting in children are almost always due to gastroenteritis, a viral infection also known as the stomach flu or winte…

Stomach pains in children – is it the appendix and what to do?

It is very common for children of pre-school and school age to have stomach aches. Some have it more or less every day, for a long time, and some get it more acutely. This post is about the sudden sto…

Stomach pains in children – is it the appendix and what to do?
Stomach pains in children – is it the appendix and what to do?

It is very common for children of pre-school and school age to have stomach aches. Some have it more or less every day, for a long time, and some get it more acutely. This post is about the sudden sto…

Growth

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