Autumn blisters, or hand foot and mouth disease, are a viral disease that causes blisters in the mouth and blisters or dark rashes on the hands and feet. Hence the English term. The Swedish is because the disease often goes into epidemics in the autumn, not least infecting autumn blisters among kindergarten children.
Symptoms of autumn blisters
Fever, blisters in the mouth and rashes or blisters on the hands and feet are the typical symptoms. The rash on the hands and feet can itch and hurt. Sometimes there are blisters under the nails and then the nails can fall off a few weeks after the disease. It is not dangerous and the nails grow out again.
Blisters in the mouth can hurt, read more about what to do in the post about blisters in the mouth of children.
In rare cases, the virus that causes autumn blisters can also cause meningitis. It is often benign and transient. The symptoms are headache, light sensitivity, nausea and giddiness. If your child develops such symptoms, seek the pediatrician.
What to do with autumn leaves?
It is important for the child to get fluid, so if the child is in pain, you need pain relief and trough with liquid or ice cream. If the child does not get fluid, becomes numb and stops peeing, you need to seek the nursery.
You just have to wait for the blisters on your hands and feet. Give pain relief alvedon or ipren if the autumn blisters hurt. There is no medicine to give, so it makes no sense to seek medical care for that reason. If the child is alert and receives fluid, then no medical care is needed.
Infection and kindergarten in the autumn
Autumn blisters are very contagious. There is nothing you can do to prevent the infection in a preschool where an outbreak is going on. Therefore, there is no medical reason to let the children stay at home if they are able to participate in the daily activities at the preschool.
The incubation period for autumn blisters is 3-7 days.
After autumn blisters, the nails can fall off
After a child has had blisters, the nails fall off. It looks weird, but nothing dangerous. Normal nails grow out again.
What causes autumn blisters?
Several different viruses from the enterovirus group can cause the disease. The most common is the so-called cocksackie virus.